Dependant on an ever-expanding range of signals and noise, digital networks are anything but firm, and yet we are increasingly surrounded by the physical devices that have enabled our networks to work. Firmament draws attention to how digital culture obscures its very real and physical corollaries, focusing on issues of consumerism, waste and obsolescence as rendered through the life cycle of electronic devices. Â Skanda Lin was born in Guangdong, China and studied architecture at the University of Waterloo. She is now completing her Masters of Architecture at the University of Toronto.Â Matthew Blunderfield was born in Vancouver and studied English Literature at the University of British Columbia. He is now completing his Masters of Architecture at the University of Toronto.